What is the Old Age, Survival, and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI)?

What is the Old Age, Survival, and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI)?

What is the Old Age, Survival, and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI)? The Federal Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI) is the official name for social security in the United States. The OASDI tax listed on your paycheck funds this comprehensive federal benefits program that provides benefits to retirees and people with disabilities, and their spouses, children, and survivors. The purpose of the program is to partially replace income lost due to old age, the death of a qualifying spouse or ex-spouse, or disability.

Key Recommendations

  • The federal OASDI program is the official name for social security.
  • It offers benefits to retirees and people with disabilities.
  • OASDI taxes, also known as FICA payroll taxes, fund the program.
  • The amount of a person’s monthly payment is based on their earnings during their years of work.

Understanding the Old Age, Survival and Disability Insurance Program (OASDI).

The US social security program is the largest such system in the world and is also the largest federal budget expenditure, estimated at $1.2 trillion in 2021. Nearly nine out of 10 people over the age of 65 receive Social Security benefits, according to the Social Security Administration (SSA). Social Security calculates your average indexed monthly earnings (AIME) over the 35 years in which you earned the most.

The program was introduced by the Social Security Act, signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 14, 1935, when the US economy was in the depths of the Great Depression. The program has grown tremendously over the decades, along with the population and economy of the United States. In 1940, some 222,000 people received an average monthly benefit of $22.60.In October 2021, this number was almost 70 million. For 2021, the average monthly benefit is $1,543 (the estimated average monthly benefit in 2022 is $1,657).

OASDI salary tax

Payments to eligible individuals are funded by OASDI taxes, which are payroll taxes collected by the government and are known as FICA (abbreviation for Federal Insurance Contributions Act) and SECA (abbreviation for Self-Employed Contributions Act). Own). In 2021 and 2022, the social security tax rate is 6.2% for employees and 12.4% for self-employed workers.

These revenues are held in two trust funds:

These trust funds pay benefits and invest the rest of the income they collect.

There is a cap on the annual earnings you pay social security taxes on. In 2022, the maximum taxable profit is $147,000.In 2021, the maximum taxable profit is $142,800.

OASDI Program Criteria

The OASDI program provides payments to people who meet certain criteria. The full retirement age depends on the date of birth and is 67 for everyone born in 1960 or later. Eligible individuals who wait until age 70 (but no later) to begin collecting benefits may collect increasingly higher benefits due to expired pension credits.


This is the program aimed at paying cash benefits, in the form of pensions or compensation, in the following cases:

  • When you suffer from a disabling illness that does not allow you to continue working and that is not the product of a work-related illness or accident.
  • By reason of age.
  • Upon the death of the insured or pensioner.

As long as they comply with the requirements established in the law and its regulations.

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